LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF CACTUS (NOPALEA COCHENILLIFERA (L.) SALM-DYCK) AS FEED FOR SMALL RUMINANTS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES OF MALAWI AND MOZAMBIQUE
Tema: Ciências animais / Zootecnia
Acessos neste artigo: 359
COMPARTILHE ESTE TRABALHO
ABSTRACT Reseach was conducted to determine the knowledge of farmers from the Malawi and Mozambique on the use of cactus (Noppolea Cochenillinifera L. Sam-Dyck) as fodder for small ruminants. The scarcity of rainfall, aridity and seasonal severe droughts that characterize Southern Africa lead to loss of livestock. The use of cactus fodder can hydrate small ruminants and provide feed during dry season. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge of farmer from Malawi and Mozambique on cactus as fodder. The research was conducted in Mzimba, Mchinji and Chikwawa districts (in Malawi) and Manhiça, Changara and Lichinga districts (in Mozambique), where 450 farmers keeping ruminants were surveyed through semi-structured interviews. Each respondent was interviewed alone in Chewa and/or English (in Malawi) and Tsonga, Nyungwe, Yao and/or Portuguese (in Mozambique). During the interview, farmers were shown pictures stuck on a poster and numbered (no name), where they recognized the species, mentioned the local name and shared their experience on cactus as fodder. The legend of the images on the poster were listed on separate page to which farmers did not have access. Respondents were allowed to explain the preparation procedure before cacti were given to animals. They were asked to mention other uses of cactus in their region. Related uses were grouped in terms of frequency of mention. Interviews were recorded as audios on a Samsung Galax J1 cellular phone and a notepad. In addition, a literature search was undertaken in order to find some of the most common species of cactus in Africa (emphasis was given to East and Southern Africa). Images displaying stems, spines, leaves, flowers and fruits of cacti were collected. The study concluded that most farmers and probably other residents from the districts and villages where the present study was conducted knew cactus as medicine, edible fruit, ornament and live fence. The knowledge of cacti as fodder both in Malawi and Mozambique was negligible. Keywords: cactus; fodder; knowledge; local name.
Muito Bom o artigo, legal ter essa percepção de países de fora do Brasil, sobre alimentos diferentes
Trabalho parece interessante, pois chama a atenção sobre os benefícios do uso do cactus na alimentação dos pequenos ruminantes, contudo me parece ser uma parte de um capítulo de uma tese de culminação dos estudos. O trabalho tem como base a revisão bibliográfica e entrevistas aos produtos para aferirem o seu conhecimento em relação ao uso de cactus na alimentação dos caprinos e ovinos
Interessante trabalho de prospecção de materiais para uso no forrageamento para climas áridos. Fiquei intrigada com o resultado: se praticamente não há uso dessa espécie para forrageamento, os autores consideram-na como potencial?